How To Perform Umrah
First the ihram must be put on with the intention (niyyat) of performing umrah:
Those coming from outside city Makkah must put on the ihram from their particular meqaat; locals whether they are citizen Makkah or are temporarily staying in city Makkah must put it on from some nearby site located outside the limits of Makkah. The recital of the talbiyah must continue till a pilgrim reaches the Baitullah.
The tawaaf of the Holy Kaaba must then be offered.
Then the saaee must be offered between the hills of Safa and the Marwah.
After saaee, men have to shave their head hairs and women must cut a little tuft from the end of their hair and then take off their ihram and comes out of the condition of Ihram.
The ihram is a religious expression. It signifies that pilgrims will not involve in any kind of lewd talk; they will not make use of any adornments or fragrance like perfume; they will not cut their nails neither shave or cut any hair from body; they will not even take out any dirt or filth from them; they will not even kill lice of their body; they will not hunt animal nor wear stitched garments; male pilgrim will expose their heads, faces and the upper part of their feet; they will wear 1 sheet as loin cloth and than enfold another around themselves.
Women, though, can wear stitched garments and also cover their heads and feet. They are just required to expose their hands and face.
Particular places have been allotted before the limits of Haram begin which can just be crossed in a condition of ihram by those who desire to offer umrah. In religious expression, they are called meqaat and are 5 in number. For those coming from Madina, the meqaat is Dh? al-Hulaifaah, for those pilgrims who are coming from Yemen, their meqaat is Yalamlam, for those pilgrims coming from Syria and Egypt, it is Juhfah, for those coming from Najad, it is Qarn al-Manazil and for those arriving from the East, it is Dhatu Irq.
The Talbiyah Implies The Continuous Recital Of These Words:
It begins exact after putting on the ihram and continues till a pilgrim reaches the Baitullah. This is the just recital which the ALLAH Almighty has prescribed for hajj and umrah.
The tawaaf refers to the 7 circles which are made around the Holy Kaaba in a state of ritual purity and cleanliness. Each of these circles or tawaaf begins with the hajr-e-aswad (The Black Stone) and ends with it and the istilam of the hajr-e-aswad is done at the start of each tawaaf. It means kissing the hajr-e-aswad. If it is too crowded, a pilgrim can only raise his hands in its direction to Hajr-e-Aswad.